what food scraps are compostable


Food scraps make up a significant portion of the waste produced by households every day. Instead of throwing them away, composting is an environmentally friendly way to deal with these scraps. Not all food scraps are suitable for composting, so it is essential to know which ones are compostable. In this article, we will explore various food scraps that can be composted.

1. Fruits and vegetables: Fruit and vegetable scraps are the most common and easily compostable items. All parts of fruits and vegetables can be composted, including peels, cores, seeds, and stems. Apples, bananas, oranges, cucumbers, lettuce, and carrots are just a few examples of compostable fruit and vegetable scraps.

2. Coffee grounds and filters: Coffee grounds are ideal for composting. They are rich in nitrogen, which is a critical nutrient for plants. Used coffee filters can also be composted as they are typically made of biodegradable materials.

3. Eggshells: Eggshells provide essential minerals like calcium to the compost. Crush them before adding them to the compost pile to speed up the decomposition process.

4. Tea bags and leaves: Used tea bags can be composted, but make sure to use only the ones made of natural materials like paper. Some tea bags are made with nylon or plastic, which will not decompose. Tea leaves alone can also be added to the compost pile.

5. Bread and grains: Stale bread, pasta, and cooked rice are all compostable. However, it is worth mentioning that these items can attract pests, so it's best to bury them deep within the compost pile to minimize the risk.

6. Nuts and shells: Nuts, such as almonds, walnuts, and peanuts, can be composted. Their shells break down over time and contribute to the organic matter in the compost.

7. Herbs and spices: Dried or fresh herbs and spices can be added to the compost. They provide nutrients and enhance the aroma of the compost.

8. Nutshells: Nutshells, such as peanut shells, are suitable for composting. However, it is advisable to break them into smaller pieces to accelerate the decomposition process.

9. Avocado pits: Avocado pits can take a long time to decompose fully, but they can be composted. To speed up the process, crush or grind them before adding them to the compost pile.

10. Citrus peels: Citrus peels, such as those from oranges, lemons, and grapefruits, can be composted. However, they may take longer to break down compared to other fruit and vegetable scraps. To speed up decomposition, cut or shred them into smaller pieces.

It is important to note that while all these food scraps are compostable, they need the right conditions and proper care to decompose efficiently. To ensure successful composting, maintain a balance between "green" nitrogen-rich materials (such as food scraps) and "brown" carbon-rich materials (such as leaves or shredded paper). Regularly turning the compost pile will also help aerate it and speed up decomposition.

By composting these food scraps, you can reduce waste going to landfills and obtain nutrient-rich compost to enrich your garden soil. Composting not only benefits the environment but also allows you to actively participate in reducing food waste and promoting sustainability.